Sheldon Pollock
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Works In Progress

The Śṛṅgāratilaka of Rudra Bhaṭṭa with the Rasataraṅgiṇī Commentary of Gopāla Bhaṭṭa

The Śṛṅgāratilaka of Rudra Bhaṭṭa (tenth century) is the first independent work in Indian literary history to deal with rasa, or emotion in art, and with the principal male and character types (nāyaka- and nāyikā-bheda) of the principal rasa, the erotic. While Rudra Bhaṭṭa’s work exercised enormous influence on aesthetic thought and literary practice from the time it was written—for example, it became one of the key texts in the rīti tradition of Classical Hindi poetry—it seems to have attracted only one commentary, the Rasataraṅgiṇī of Gopāla Bhaṭṭa, the “son of Drāviḍa Harivaṃśa Bhaṭṭa,” as he refers to himself. That commentary is made available here for the first time. It is argued here that Gopāla Bhaṭṭa was identical to the scholar of the same name who was a direct disciple of Caitanya and one of the six Vṛṇdāvana Gosvāmins of the Caitanya sect (as well as a teacher of the celebrated poet- hagiographer Kṛṣṇadās Kavirāj), and author of the Haribhaktivilāsa, the most important ritual manual of Bengali Vaishnavism. He lived in mid-sixteenth-century Vrindavan. The commentary is based on six manuscripts, one of which was copied for the Jain scholar (and Jahangir intimate) Siddhicandra in Ahmedabad in Saṃvat 1702 (c. 1645).


Manuscripts of the Rasataraṅgiṇī:

The Amaruśataka

A critical edition based on the recension of Arjunavarmadeva.


The Śatakatrayam of Bhartṛhari

A critical edition based on the recension of Rāmarṣi.